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Kai Martinez
Kai Martinez

From Start To Finnish: A Short Course In Finnish

Hei Varpu,Another resource book that I just got, Anssi Räisänen's new (2020) Finnish, The Grammar, is one I'd also recommend for English speakers, who want to learn more of the grammar as well as getting vocabulary and learning to speak finnish. It is a big book, but it is written for the beginner to learn Finnish grammar in a not-overwhelming way. It is full of practical examples and it translates the Finnish words used, including the word stems, for each example. I found it much more easy to use and understand than other grammar resources I've seen and I think it is well-laid out. I'm also currently using Word Dive for vocabulary learning and Aleksi Himself's Basics of spoken Finnish: beginner grammar and conservation skills course. These I took after your beginner course - which was a wonderful start - so these just add onto yours.

From Start to Finnish: A Short Course in Finnish

1. Compulsory schooling starts from the school year during which children turn seven, and ends when they have either completed the entire nine-year basic education curriculum or, at the latest, after the school year when they turn 17. All children are also entitled to one year of preschool education.

Please note these are 30-week courses split into three 10-week terms. New students with sufficient knowledge of the language can enrol for lessons 11-20 and/or 21-30, but complete beginners must start in October.

Finnjoy: Effective Finnish for BeginnersFinnjoy's method emphasizes using Finnish from the very start. The courses in Helsinki are designed to quickly give students a grasp of central aspects of the language so they can use it 'in action', facilitating quick and effective learning - just as native speakers do. In addition to classes, exercises done outside class hours are important. The main teaching language is Finnish, and English / Swedish / French may be used when necessary.Finnjoy's site also includes a blog to help you enjoy all things Finnish, and understand Finn-things you find puzzling! Still in its infancy, the Finnjoy blog has a growing archive of interesting articles about Finnish culture, language, food, events and more.Web

Finnish Language Course SearchPart of InfoFinland: Search for in-person Finnish and Swedish language courses in 7 regions throughout Finland as well as online courses, according to your starting level and other criteria. Course information is available in Finnish, English or Russian.Web

A Taste of Finnish: Not quite a 'full language course' but far more than a phrase-book. This Helsinki University online course was originally intended for incoming exchange students, but has been made available free of charge to everyone. The material comprises 10 chapters, each including lessons with short texts, dialogues, exercises and grammar. A Taste of Finnish gives you a good picture of the Finnish language; it's a 'handy toolbox' for everyday situations with Finns!

Universities offer courses in Finnish and Swedish for their international staff and students. Some universities also open their courses to those who are not working or studying at the university. Courses range from beginners' level to advanced, some progress at an 'easy' rate while others are intensive. For details of courses, eligibility to enrol, dates, prerequisite skills etcetera, visit the site of the institution you would like to learn more about.

Introduction There are 18 summer universities throughout Finland. They operate in tight contact and permanent collaboration with the Finnish universities. Summer universities offer short-term courses, not degree programmes. Nor do they award financial grants for either Finnish or international students; all expenses must be covered by the student. Fees usually vary from 70 euros to 600 euros. The language of instruction is mainly Finnish but some courses are taught in English. Annually more than 1,100 international students participate in summer university courses. Courses are open to everyone but prerequisites and application dates vary so make sure to contact the appropriate summer university for specific information.Online courses are increasingly available, year-round.

Finnish Language Courses at Summer UniversitiesCourse levels vary by institution, from level 0 up to level B2-C1. Themed courses, such as oral or written communication, are also available. Summer universities offering Finnish language courses usually include Kuopio, Central Ostrobothnia, Helsinki, Jyväskylä, Mikkeli, Northern Ostrobothnia, Oulu, Päijät-Häme (Lahti), South Karelia, Tampere, Turku, and Vaasa.

Online courses have increased in number and frequency, making it possible to participate from outside Finland. These courses are increasingly available year-round. Summer Universities:

In relation to mathematics, the second national language and foreign languages, a student can choose to study a curriculum from different levels of difficulty. Students choose their relevant levels at the beginning of school, when selecting appropriate courses, and at the end of school, when registering for the matriculation exam in order to receive the relevant exam paper. These two choices are not directly linked, but students generally keep the level the same for the matriculation exam. One common exception to this rule of thumb occurs when a student has barely completed a higher level course and is unsure of their performance in the matriculation exam. In those cases, a student may elect to take an easier exam.

There are two sectors in the tertiary education: traditional universities (yliopisto, universitet) and universities of applied sciences (ammattikorkeakoulu, yrkeshögskola, or AMK/YH for short). Admissions are based on the high school final GPA, the high school final exam (the abitur), and the university entrance examinations. The selection process is fully transparent, merit-based, and objective; there are no application essays, no human factor in selection, no underrepresented minority support (except for preset quotas for Swedish speakers), and no weight on extracurricular activities. Moreover, the entrance examinations are rarely long multiple-choice exams, and instead consist of a smaller number of longer and more complicated questions that are supposed to test more than memorization and quick mechanical problem solving. Therefore, the selection process is very different from many other countries.

A third branch of adult education is formed by the so-called vapaa sivistystyö, the "Free Education". This is formed by the partially state-funded, independent educational institutes offering diverse courses varying in length and academic level. The purpose of the "Free Education" is not to provide professional or degree-oriented education but to "support the multi-faceted development of personality, the ability to act in the community and to pursue the fulfilment of democracy, equality and diversity in the society."[45] Historically, the "Free education" stems from the late 19th century efforts to educate the general populace with little previous academic experience.

The Finnish Studies Program at Columbia University offers courses in Finnish language and culture. The courses can be used to fulfill the foreign language requirement at Columbia and for linguistics students to fulfill the Non-Indo-European language requirement. You can start studying Finnish as a total beginner or, if you already know some Finnish, you may be placed in intermediate or advanced courses. Contact the Finnish instructor to find the most suitable course for you. Classes are relatively small, which entails ample teacher attention and friendly atmosphere. The Program has a small reference library with works both in the original language and in translation. Furthermore, the Columbia libraries have got an extensive collection of Finnish literature, both fiction and non-fiction.

Seven teams participated Finnish short course Nationals in Tampere. Very interesting concept to run 10 races in two days, lasting 15-30 min each, with many starts, tacks and crossings. The competition was sailed in varying weather. During the weekend the winds changed between 3-12 m/s.

Twenty-three Finnish police officers, 17 men and six women, participated in a train-the-trainers course organized by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) from 25 to 27 April 2017 in Tampere, Finland, as part of its Training against Hate Crime for Law-Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme.

Clinically-oriented TB specialists were already concerned about this in the early 1960s.64 The long duration of the treatment was seen as one of the main obstacles, and so the British Medical Research Council (MRC) carried out trials for short-course therapies in East Africa (Studies X and R), Singapore and Hong Kong during the 1970s.65 By the 1980s, nobody doubted that they were clinically more effective. In 1982, the report of a study group of the WHO and IUAT (1981) declared that all countries should have access to short-course therapies. Six- to nine-month regimens of rifampicin made patients non-infectious within three months, and this cut down the chain of infection quickly, and also proved effective against TB strains previously resistant to the twelve-month treatment. However, the organisations also stated that the WHO standard treatment should remain a basic regimen in many developing countries.66 One reason for this was the cost. The short-course regimens violated the PHC policy of the WHO for being too expensive for developing countries to be carried out independently.67 This was also the case in Somalia, as Hersi had pointed out to Brander and Hellström that the NTCP could not afford rifampicin. It was therefore prescribed only to those patients who could pay for it themselves.68 The WHO stipulated that the price of the regimens should come down significantly before they could be used.69 Another serious concern was that difficult clinical conditions might also lead to a rise in rifampicin-resistant strains, as new regimens had not yet been clinically tested in African countries.70 Both the WHO and IUAT also rejected using mass X-ray scanning for active case-finding as it was regarded too expensive, complicated and imprecise compared to sputum microscopy, thus leading to wrong diagnoses and significant over-reporting of the cases.71 Instead, they recommended examining the sputum of symptomatic patients that independently came to the TB centres; and only bacteriologically positive infectious patients would then be treated.72 041b061a72


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